By 19 Luglio 2016 Insights

Heavy smokers have to resign in time to have a toothless smile ... !! (Journal of Periodontology)

The mouth is the gateway to smoke and it causes a lot of damage, often underestimated or even unknown, not sparing any part of the mouth, the enamel of the teeth to the filling materials, gums for dental implants, by the breath skin facial.
Let's find out together!

Stains and colors, from yellow to brown, on both natural teeth and restored teeth
Increased formation and deposition of tartar (calcified plaque) on the teeth. Tooth surfaces, made so rough, recall another plaque, causing the increase of tooth decay and gum inflammation.
Even smoke a pipe cause the wear of the edges of the front teeth, because of repeated trauma on the edges of the incisors.

The cigarette smoke decreases the oxygen present in the gums. In an environment with little oxygen they survive only the most aggressive bacteria in plaque, responsible for the most severe forms of periodontitis, even improperly defined "pyorrhea". The results are increased tooth mobility, early withdrawal of the gums and tooth loss, which in heavy smokers is 3 times more probable than non-smokers.

The tobacco smoke worsens and slows down the healing of wounds after surgery. The smoke in addition to negatively influence the defenses (immunoglobulins and immune cells) reduces the percentage of oxygen in the blood, and then the reduced tissue oxygenation changes the healing processes. The post-extraction alveolitis (infection of the bone after a tooth extraction) are four times more common in smokers than non-smokers.

Tobacco smoke worsens and slows wound healing after oral surgery. In particular in the implantology smoking increases from 2.3 to 5.8 times the risk of implant failure and increases from 3.6 to 4.6 times the risk of getting perimplantitis than nonsmokers.

Tobacco causes a strong and unpleasant halitosis, easily noticeable when the patient sits in the dental chair. The constant concern of bad breath causes the smoker to exceed the consumption of mints and chewing gum, which exacerbate the erosion of the enamel because of their sugar content and / or citric acid.

Children with serious birth defects such as cleft lip and palate, have mothers who smoked during pregnancy.
Children of smokers are more likely to develop caries at an early age and grind your teeth at night.

Leukoplakia is a lesion characterized by white spots located on the cheeks and tongue, sometimes accompanied by red areas. It 'a potentially malign lesion and therefore must be made absolutely inspected by your dentist.
Candidiasis is a fungal infection usually characteristic of those who have a less efficient immune system (children, elderly, diabetics, immunosuppressed ...). It comes with white spots that, if strokes usually are removable. The smoke lowers the immune system thereby making the smoker more subject to various infections, in addition to that candidosica.

It is known that the tobacco in all its forms causes oral cancer. Over 80% of all oral cancers is attributable to tobacco use. Oral cancer includes that of the lip, tongue, gums, mucous membrane of the mouth, pharynx-gold (the first part of the throat). This association between oral cancer and tobacco is strictly dependent on the dose, the duration of exposure and the exposure mode. Conversely, the abandonment of the use of tobacco is associated with a progressive reduction of risk. The association with the consumption of alcohol increases the risk considerably. Even passive smoking increases the risk by 63%.

According to some researchers there is a strong correlation between cardiovascular disease and periodontal. The bacteria produce gum inflammatory molecules involved in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques, and then they due to stroke and heart attack.
The use of tobacco in all its forms implies a reduction / gradual alteration of the sense of taste and smell, with obvious negative consequences in the tasting of food and drinks.
Smoking is a risk factor for sleep apnea, a condition that causes many micro-awakenings during the night, dramatically decreasing the quality of rest, with all its adverse health consequences.
The role of your dentist may be crucial in raising awareness of the risks to your oral health associated with the consumption of tobacco. To be led to the shift away from this inexorable "enemy

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