The problems with teeth and gums do not even spare pregnant women, indeed. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists well 40% of expectant mothers must face gingivitis, caries or periodontal disease during the months of gestation. The possibility may raise justified fears. Infections, such as those associated with abscesses, expose themselves to the risks is the mother, the child is, increasing the likelihood of having to deal with preeclampsia, preterm delivery and abortion. Gingivitis, however, can turn into periodontitis, a condition that according to some studies increases the risk of preterm birth and underweight. What to do in these cases? According to experts fears that undergoing dental care can jeopardize the health of the child are to be set aside. The consequences of a gingivitis or an abscess not properly cured could be far more severe than those of the treatment, which moreover is today carried out using instruments that limit to the maximum the possible involvement of the child. Even in the case where an X-ray was necessary to use suitable screens that protect the neck and abdomen almost block all radiation that could reach the baby.
However, even with regard to the health of pregnant teeth worth the rule that prevention is better than treatment. Women planning to have a baby should pay special attention to the welfare of teeth and gums, so as to minimize the occurrence of problems that could be encouraged by family predisposition or the typical hormonal changes of pregnancy, as, indeed, the gingivitis. The expert tips are quite simple and easy to put into practice: brush your teeth after every meal, flossing at least once a day and, if necessary, use alcohol-free mouthwashes and toothbrushes to also eliminate the bacteria on the tongue; undergo regular checkups, without neglecting the importance of periodic treatments of plaque removal; look to diet, avoiding sticky foods and preferring fresh and dried fruit, vegetables and cheeses. Even chewing gum, which stimulate the production of saliva, can help. Alternatively, even a glass of water after meals helps to remove food debris and neutralize plaque acids.